Masaccio


Masaccio
(Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone; 1401-c. 1428)
   Masaccio was born in San Giovanni Valdarno, near Florence where he is recorded as having joined the painters' guild in 1422. "Masaccio" was his nickname, a derogatory appellation that referred to his uncomely physical appearance. Giorgio Vasari, in fact, wrote that Masaccio was so completely engrossed in his art that he dedicated little time for his own grooming or the tidying of his home. Little is known of his training, but it is clear that his contemporaries Donatello and Filippo Brunelleschi were a major force in his artistic development, as was Giotto. Like Giotto, Masaccio rejected the ornamental style of the Sienese and Venetian Schools and instead opted for a more naturalistic mode of expression. From Donatello he borrowed the solidity of forms and from Brunelleschi the new classical architectural vocabulary to use in the backgrounds of his paintings. Also, Masaccio was the first to experiment with one-point linear perspective, a scientific method thought to have been developed by Brunelleschi. Masaccio's Madonna and Child with Saints (1422; Florence, Uffizi), painted for the Church of San Giovenale in Cascia di Reggello, provides an early example of his art. Here the figures occupy a believable, rational space, they are more voluminous than the figures rendered by masters from the previous century, they overlap to further enhance the sense of space, and the shading of their draperies is more emphatic than in earlier examples. Two years later, Masaccio collaborated with Masolino in the execution of the Virgin and Child with St. Anne (Florence, Uffizi), a painting that stresses Christ's genealogy by placing the figures one behind the other to form a pyramid. In c. 1425, Masaccio and Masolino again collaborated, this time in the Brancacci Chapel at Santa Maria del Carmine where they painted scenes from the life of St. Peter. In the following year, Masaccio rendered the Enthroned Virgin and Child, part of the Pisa Polyptych commissioned by Giuliano di Ser Colino degli Scarsi for Santa Maria del Carmine, at one point dismantled and its pieces scattered. In 1427, Masaccio created one of his most important masterpieces, the Holy Trinity at Santa Maria Novella. Masaccio's importance lies in the fact that he introduced new technical innovations to painting that allowed for believable renditions of space. Though he died while still in his twenties, the impact of his art was immense.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Masaccio — Detail of St. Peter Raising the Son of Theophilus and St. Peter Enthroned as First Bishop of Antioch, Brancacci Chapel, S. Maria del Carmine, Florence Birth name Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Mone (Simone) Cassai …   Wikipedia

  • MASACCIO — Auteur d’un petit nombre d’œuvres, Masaccio représente dans la peinture ce bref moment de l’histoire de Florence au cours duquel, après la terrible crise de 1348 et la lente reprise de la seconde moitié du siècle, la ville est en train de devenir …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Masaccio — • Italian painter, born about 1402, at San Giovanni di Valdarno, a stronghold situated between Arezzo and Florence; died, probably at Rome, in 1429 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Masaccio     Masaccio …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Masaccio — (Монтеварки,Италия) Категория отеля: Адрес: 52025 Монтеварки, Италия Опи …   Каталог отелей

  • Masaccio —   [ma zattʃo], eigentlich Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone Guidi, italienischer Maler, * San Giovanni Valdarno (bei Arezzo) 21. 12. 1401, ✝ Rom vor dem 20. 12. 1429. Seit 1422 in Florenz nachweisbar, gilt Masaccio als der Begründer der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Masaccio — (spr. Masattscho), Thomasio Guidi La San Giovanni, geb. 1402 im Florentinischen; Maler, nach dessen Gemälden viele Maler studirten, u. deren eines, die Vertreibung der ersten Menschen aus dem Paradiese, sogar Rafael für die Stanzen des Vatican… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Masaccio — (spr. sattscho), eigentlich Tommaso di Ser Giovanni di Simone Guidi, ital. Maler, geb. 21. Dez. 1401 im Kastell San Giovanni im Arnotal, gest. 1428 in Rom, wegen seiner Unbeholfenheit M. (»unbehilflicher Thomas«) genannt, war angeblich Schüler… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Masaccio — (spr. attscho), eigentlich Tommaso Guidi, florentin. Maler, geb. 21. Dez. 1401 zu San Giovanni im Arnotal, gest. 1428 in Rom; Hauptwerk: biblische Fresken in Sta. Maria del Carmine zu Florenz. – Vgl. Schmarsow (1895 98) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Masaccio — (–satscho), eigentl. Tommaso Guidi, florent. Maler, geb. 1402, lebte meist in Rom u. Florenz; st. 1443. Seine Bedeutung für die Malerei ist groß, indem er zuerst von der früheren Strenge sich loswand u. die malerische Schönheit der menschlichen… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Masaccio — (izg. mazàčo) (1401 1428) DEFINICIJA talijanski slikar, prvo ime rane toskanske renesanse …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Masaccio — [mä sät′chō̂] (born Tommaso Guidi) 1401 28; Florentine painter …   English World dictionary


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